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Wildflowers make great additions to anyone's flower gardens. Wildflowers are tried and valid species that have stood the test of time, and remain popular down through the years. Described below are four of the most popular wildflower species used in modern landscaping and flower beds. Pick your favorites and enjoy their timeless beauty.
Black Eye Susan
Rudbeckia, or the black-eyed Susan, is a lovely golden, daisy-like flower, with a dark brown center. This cheery flower is a perennial member of the aster family and grows throughout all of North America. While it naturally occurs in warm climates and loves sandy soil, the versatile herbaceous plant has enough different varieties to grow nearly anywhere in the US. In nature, black eye Susans thrive in fields, open woodlands, and prairies. The black eye Susan remains a preferred flower to grow in home gardens still today.
Rudbeckia grows to a height of up to 39 inches tall and is about 18 inches in width at maturity. The sturdy stems are covered with hairs. Its leaves look oval and dark green with a rough texture and hold one large golden flower. The heads of the rudbeckia plant contain eight to 21 petals around a dark brown or deep purple cone-shaped center. Plenty of seeds come from the cone center of the flower to provide the landscape with additional plants as the year's pass.
The black-eyed Susan plant flowers from June to September. The flowers attract butterflies and bees aplenty.
For a colorful domesticated wildflower with single leaves and blossoms, take a look at the columbine. The columbine, or aquilegia, remains an easy to grow perennial plant that blooms in the spring. Many columbines appear as purple bells with white spikes, though many other color combinations exist. The light to medium green leaves turns purple as the growing season ends.
Columbine plants prefer well-drained soil and a moderate amount of water. Mulching the plant keeps it from drying out too quickly. They don't like hot, direct sun, so plant it in an area that gets some shade during the day, especially in southern climates. While aquilegia plants remain short-lived for perennials, they readily self-seed to continue to provide your landscape with a continuing supply of delicate blossoms.
Virginia Blue Bells
Virginia bluebells, or Mertensia virginica, is a herbaceous perennial that grows wild throughout North America in zones three through eight. This gorgeous, bright blue flower spike grows best in partial or full shade. Showy flower blooms in the early spring from March to April. Numerous loose, pendulous bluebells hang from a two-foot-tall spike. Each signal measures about one inch long. Initially, the buds for each bloom appear pink but turn blue as the flower matures. Bluish-green leaves that are four inches long ornament the plant. Once the bluebell has bloomed, and the weather gets hotter, the plant goes into dormancy until the next year. So plant flowers together with annuals or perennials that cover the area once the blue bells season is done.
As with many wildflowers, the plant is remarkably disease and pest resistant.
The Virginia blue bell flower grows readily in average, well-drained soils, but prefers rich and moist dirt.
Dutchmans Breeches (Dicentra calceolaria) are herbaceous perennials that grow to about eight inches tall. The grey-green leaves look like rosettes and grow to about six inches in width. Each sheet is divided into three secondary leaves with oblong lobes. At the center of the leaf rosette, a raceme of from two to six pairs of white flowers develops. This raceme of this plant tends to bend to one side, and the flowers droop upside down. Each of the flowers is about ¾ of an inch long and looks like an upside-down pair of Dutchman's breeches. Two white outer petals and two inner pale yellow petals make up the shape of the flower.
Dutchmans breeches bloom from the early to middle of spring. The plant resists cold and frost damage well. The blossoms last for about two to three weeks. This beautiful and unique flowering plant prefers partial sun with loamy soil.