The Wild Cherry Tree-Prunus Avium
The Wild Cherry Tree is a flowering plant from the family Rosaceae. While it has become a naturalized plant in North America and Australia, it originates from Europe, western Asia, Norway, Morocco, and Tunisia, the region between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and western Himalaya.
The Wild Cherry Tree is a deciduous plant growing to heights between 49 and 105 feet with a trunk as wide as 4.9 feet. In the Great Smoky Mountain Park in Tennessee, there is a wild cherry tree that has reached a height of 134 feet with a 70-foot spread. It reaches its full height in approximately 17 years and lives up to 150 years. Because of its size, it is frequently used in parks and can be used to adorn larger private landscapes and to attract wildlife. This cherry wood used to smoke foods and as a valued hardwood for constructing cabinets and musical instruments.
The Wild Cherry Tree grows fast adding 24 to 36 inches to its height each season. Well-fertilized, it could grow 4 to 6 feet per year. The rate of growth depends heavily on the light, soil fertility and water it receives. To thrive, the tree prefers full sun to partial shade and needs a medium amount of water. It grows well in fertile, moist loamy soil, but will tolerate sand and clay. Soils can be acidic or have an alkaline pH.
To cultivate the Wild Cherry Tree is most successful through transplanting. The ideal transplant comes from a nursery, not from the forest. Once transplanted, mulch heavily around the base to retain moisture. It is not self-fertile. Bees pollinate the flowers which are hermaphrodite, both male and female. The shallow root system of this tree makes it ideal for growing in limited space, such as up against a fence or wall.