White Pine Tree
The white pine (Pinus strobus) is one of the longest living trees in North America with some trees living over 500 years. The bark on this tree gets darker as it matures until it turns a very dark grayish brown. Mature trees have thick, broad ridges and furrows.
These trees that often grow to be 50 to 80 feet tall have feathery evergreen needles. The white pine usually grows up to 24 inches annually.
The blue-green needles are arranged in clusters of five grow on horizontal branches over the course of two or three years to become about five inches long. On mature trees, some needles will drop in late fall. Mature trees are often up to 40 feet wide growing in an irregular or pyramidal shape.
This tree produces pine cones that can be up to eight inches long. These light brown pine cones with white resin tips usually stay on the tree for two years before dropping in the fall. The scales on the pine cones are smooth and slightly curved.
While this tree prefers well-drained soil, it is moderately tolerant of droughts or getting too much water. This tree handles cold weather exceptionally well. It often grows best in acidic soil, but it is somewhat tolerant of alkaline soil.
While this tree prefers full sun, it will tolerate partial sun when it is first planted. Since this tree grows relatively fast, it often overtakes other trees and shrubs to get the light that it needs as it matures.
It is believed that kings of England sent the first white pines to the United States when the country was very young to use as ship masts. The wood is still often used commercially because of its immense strength. These trees often serve as a home for a variety of birds and small wildlife.
White Pine trees are excellent living fence trees to add to pools, or anyplace one desires privacy. The White Pine evergreen tree, with really long needles, is the embodiment of the ideal Christmas tree. These lavish trees are stated tree of Michigan and Maine, and they are homes for squirrels and the Common Crossbill.
Remarkably, the White Pine trees take a couple of years to establish roots that will support it for about the next 150 to 200 years, at maturity. Reports have shown it can live for 450 years! After the evergreen has rooted, it will shoot up quickly, and sometimes growth rate is over 4 foot each year, especially if there is a wet season.
Additionally, tallness of the White Pine tree can reach 80 to 100 feet. There are some that grow to about 230 feet tall, and they are the tallest tree in eastern North America. Width can get up to 4 1/2 feet across. Constraining the height for a couple of years by pruning the top leaders of the tree to slow them down, will add to their value.
Furthermore, one can find the White Pine in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Moreover, one can see them in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and in other states such as Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Illinois.
Incidentally, these marvelous trees can be planted to grow in pools, for a wall of seclusion that swimmers appreciate. State forestry sections have nurseries that furnish tree seedlings, so contact them to get White Pine trees for the pool area or somewhere else that there is a wall needed. Plant them with directions found online.
Also, cut any grass and weeds that start to grow under the trees, as they can steal nutrients from it. When they reach the tallness wanted, trim tops hard to sustain this. Let them go ahead at their own pace; then they become a tree that is not real tall but of a regular tall. They will grow more broad and bushy, filling out as a high wall.
What is more, the White Pine trees, by nature, are resistant to fire, so matured, outlasting trees can be reseeded even if they are in burnt-out expanses. They also endure surface fires because of their incredible thick, fire-resistant bark.
Indeed, the White Pine trees are confirmed to a slew of uses, having been one of several most worthy lumber trees.
Botanical Latin Name: Pinus Strobus
Common Name: White Pine, Soft Pine
Sun Exposure: Prefers full sun, but will grow in partial shade
Hardiness Zones: USDA zones 3 through 8
Mature Height: 50 to 80 feet
Spread: 20 to 40 feet
Spacing: Leave 6 feet between trees
Growth Rate: Up to 3 feet per year
Flowering Time: Between May and June. Male flowers appear one to several weeks before females
How Long It Flowers: Usually done flowering by the end of June
Flower Color: Male pollen-bearing flowers are yellow, female flowers are pinkish cones
Soil Requirements: Soil that is well-drained, sandy, and moderately acidic are best
Pruning: Prune during Winter and Fall when the tree is dormant
Flower Form: The White Pine has Evergreen needles 3 to 5 inches in length and are a bluish-green color. There are five needles on each bundle. The yellow male flowers are at the tips of branches, and the pink female flowers(cones) are near the end. It bares cones 4 to 7 inches in length. The bark is very thick and red-brown. They usually have a very straight trunk with up-turned branches pointing toward the sky.