River Cane Bamboo - Arundinaria gigantea
River Cane Bamboo is native to the United States and can be found in the wild in many of the southern and south-eastern states. As far as perennial grasses go, it can get quite large. It really does not require much in the way of care after it has been planted, and that makes it decent cover for out of the way areas. Each cane, once planted, can be expected to live for about 10 years with an almost completely maintenance-free existence. It attracts the Southern Pearly Eye which is a butterfly which is a species indigenous to the Southeastern United States and all the way to Eastern Oklahoma and Eastern Texas. These brown butterflies with dark eyespots use the River Cane Bamboo as their primary food source. Many different types of warblers use this type of cane for nesting sites, and so it is important to keep it available because many some are even close to extinction without it. There is a myriad of uses for the cane. For example, Cherokee Indians have long used it as a source of material for their basketry. Much of this basketmaking has been in serious decline due to the shortage of cane of this variety. It is a hardy species which will complement a variety of other coverage plants without interfering much with the growth of these partner plants around them.