- Zone 4-9, Color- Deep Red, Mature Height 18', Mature Width 8', Garden Status- Beginner
Red Hibiscus - Rosa-Sinensis
Red Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis, is a bright red, beautiful flower that is native to Hawaii.
It is considered a tropical hibiscus. When translated from Latin, the name means “rose of China.” The hibiscus is a flowering plant that is originated in East Asia. This particular variation of hibiscus was named in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus. Even though it is commonly referred to as a rose, the two are considered to be closely related.
The red color of the red hibiscus is created by changing two sets of chromosomes in comparison with other hibiscus plants. Unfortunately, this chromosome change makes the physical characteristics of its offspring unpredictable, but the mystery keeps people coming back for more.
When properly cared for, the red hibiscus grows more like a bush than any other plant and can easily be trimmed to look like a small tree. As a whole, the plant can grow to between 8 to 16 feet tall. The flowers typically grow as individual blooms and appear as single bursts of bright red color over glossy green leaves. The blooms usually appear in the early summer and last until mid-autumn.
Even though the plant is referred to as a red hibiscus, the flowers appear bright red bloom. The blooms are petaled and range between 5 to 10 inches in diameter, depending on the age of the plant. Each bloom has a series of anthers protruding from the center, which provide the perfect accent to the bright red color. The leaves of the red hibiscus are ovate in shape and dark green in color with a high-gloss shine. The intense color contrast makes the plant visually appealing to a broad audience. The root system of the hibiscus plant is considered to be a taproot branch system. The stem is an attractive, green, branch system.
The red hibiscus draws in nectarivore birds. Hummingbirds in North America frequent areas that are rich in hibiscus plants. It also attracts many endangered species of butterflies.
The Red Hibiscus Shrub, like most cultivated hibiscus, is grown for its magnificent, showy flowers. The flowers of H. coccineus are brilliantly red. The flowers appear from midsummer until almost fall. The shrub can be used as part of a herbaceous border, or a hedge or to sprawl over a fence or a wall. The blooms that appear during the spring and summer are beyond beautiful and will be bright shades of red that will become a focal point in your landscape area.
It will, however, tolerate short periods of drought or excess rain. The Rose of Sharon prefers at least four hours of unfiltered sunlight each day. When this shrub gets enough sun, it will bloom profusely throughout the fall until the winter temperatures nip the blooms. This shrub naturally grows in a vase shape producing five-petal flowers blooming either singly or double. Landscapers can choose the color working best for them from white, purple, violet or pink. Red, however, is the most popular choice. The addition of this shrub to your landscape is a great way to add color throughout the summer and fall when little else may be blooming colorfully. This native of China and India may not bloom until its second or third year of life as it puts its energy into growing quickly. The Rose of Sharon has very few pest problems only requiring a quick fertilizing in the spring making it a carefree solution for many yards. It can also be pruned allowing it to resemble a small tree. Alternatively, plant a row of them 2 to 3 feet apart creating a stunning low hedge. Rose of Sharon is a great way to attract hummingbirds and butterflies to your living space. Get the Rose of Sharon for your yard today so that you can enjoy its beautiful color very soon.
The plant prefers full sun and evenly moist soil that should be amended now and again with compost. Through it can stand some light shade, it will bloom more profusely if it’s in full sun. The plant can also tolerate some air pollution and can be planted close to parking lots. As a hedge, it should be planted about three feet apart.