Purple Violet - Viola Cucullata
Purple violets are known by some names including pansies, violas, and viola cucullata. The purple violet falls into the annual category, but in deciduous forests, they live as perennials. Violets are commonly used in wooded areas and rock gardens. The violet is a small, hardy plant that is frequently mixed with other plants to add a burst of color. They are known to grow best in zones 2 – 10 and are hardiest in these areas.
Purple violets are extremely popular in floral arrangements, and they are extremely easy to grow from seed, but hold up well if purchased as young plants.
There are hundreds of varieties in the violet family; some are more well-known than others. The most popular varieties include:
- Johnny Jump-Ups – small velvet blooms that are purple with a yellow vein center.
- Dooryard Violet - small bluish-violet flowers with a reddish hue, sometimes varying into a light red color.
- California Sweet Violet – the lavender-blue flowers this plant displays perfectly accents the dark green leaves of this plant.
- Sweet Violet – This plant has dark, deep violet colored blooms. It grows extremely compact and can vary in color from purple, yellow, red, blue, and white.
Purple violets prefer moist, easy draining soil. The soil has to be rich in the composed organic matter. It is recommended for purple violets to be planted in fertilizer that is considered slow release to avoid strong bursts of strong soil. As with any violet, the fertilizer should be water-soluble, and they thrive best in a container instead of directly in the ground.
Violets are a popular choice for plant owners who enjoy picking their flowers and bringing them indoors. The beautiful blooms of the purple violet do not like extreme or prolonged heat. They are not drought tolerant and should be watered on a regular basis.