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Giant Ostrich Fern – 3 Plants

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Fern Plants 

If you’re looking for decorative plants and many kinds to choose from, go no further than the fern. This plant has about 12,000 species in the botanical group called Pteridophyta. Fern plants are vascular, meaning they have roots, stems, and leaves – just like a rose, for instance. However, unlike a rose, fern plants don’t have seeds or flowers. They reproduce via a one-celled unit called a spore.


 Ferns have been around for millions of years. They have never been economically important, however, even though some are grown for food. They are mainly used for decoration, but through the years, some have been used in medical drugs, and they have long been of prominence in art and mythology. These plants can live almost anywhere. They are often thought of as abounding in the shady, moist woods and in the tropics, which they do, but they also thrive in an open field, high up a mountain, especially in crevices, in the desert, and on open water. For those who just want a green plant on their front porch or in the backyard, ferns also do well there.


 Out of all the species of fern, four are well known in the United States. The Christmas fern grows in eastern North America as far west as Minnesota and as far south as Florida. It is an evergreen plant with long (more than 2 feet) leaves, called fronds, and is often used to help control erosion on steep slopes. However, landscapers love it because it is easy to grow in most soils. Homeowners love the Christmas fern just because it looks pretty.


 Cinnamon ferns grow easily in American swamps, woodlands, and even wet ditches. It has tall fronds; the big, green ones are up to 6 feet long. The smaller ones are bright green, which turns to a cinnamon color. These smaller fronds have sori on the underside of the leaf that produces the spores that make new plants. Cinnamon ferns often produce large colonies that all grow in one place.


 Fern seekers can find the Royal fern in every continent but Australia. In the United States, it is common in the Connecticut River watershed, where it prefers swamps and the banks of small streams. The Royal fern often lives up to its name because it looks quite regal in properly tended gardens and often grows to 5 feet tall.


 Many Americans know the Lady fern; it’s a fairly common house plant with lacy long (up to 30 inch) leaves and stands about 36 inches tall. Like the Cinnamon fern, this plant has sori growing on the underside of its leaves. Lady ferns are not only found in hanging pots around the house. They are also common in U.S. forests, stream beds, open fields, and shaded areas. There may be one slight danger associated with Lady ferns. However, Grizzly bears are also very fond of them.