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Plants can turn a dull, unattractive yard into a beautiful, welcoming personal paradise. When you get ready to landscape with plants, there are many things to consider. Your soil will play an essential part in plants’ health; before you do anything else, you should amend soil to make sure it is well draining and well aerated. This may be as simple as tiling it – alternatively, you may need to add some sphagnum peat and organic compost. Next, choose your plants. Here are ideas for kinds of garden plants to use in specific areas of the yard.
For border plants, some things to consider are whether you want non-flowering or flowering shrubs and whether you want a great border or a low-growing border. Around the yard's perimeter, you might choose tall shrubs -- in contrast, around a flower bed, you may select a low growing border plant.
For a classic evergreen shrub, you can go with the standard boxwood. Alternatively, choose from azalea, hydrangea, forsythia, Rose of Sharon, or a variety of other flowering shrubs.
When planting young garden plants and shrubs, you should remember to allow space between them, as they will fill out as they grow.
If you have areas of full to partial shade, fill these with shade-loving perennials. These include plants such as hosta, hellebore, and Lamium, and groundcovers such as ajuga.
Check the soil and watering needs of the different plants when planting them together. It is best to choose plants with similar needs when planting them in the same flowerbed. You should also keep in mind plant height. Shorter plants should be planted in from of taller plants so that they do not become hidden.
Plants for Sunny Areas
Aster, peony, Black-Eyed Susan, phlox, lavender and Shasta daisy are among the many perennials that enjoy sunny areas.
Each year you can also add some sun-loving annuals to the mix if you choose. Marigolds are one popular choice.
Flowering plants and evergreen shrubs are not the only kinds of plants you can consider. Ornamental grasses, such as fountain grass and pampas grass add exciting additions to the landscape. Many of these grasses can grow quite large, so keep that in mind.
For individual areas, choose similar or complimenting colors. For example, one area may have a combination of soft pink, white and pale blue flowers. Another area could have orange, yellow and red flowering plants. Nothing says you cannot combine flower colors in unique ways, but you may want to avoid odd clashes, such as placing soft pink flowers next to red-orange.
Perennials For Zone 8
Black-Eyed Susans- Rudbeckia hirta
Not to be confused with so-called "Black-Eyed Susan Vines," true Black-Eyed Susans are perennial wildflowers native to North America and found across the United States and Canada. The name, however, was likely bestowed upon them by English colonists, who called them after the heroine of a poem by Englishman John Gay. Reaching up to three feet in height and forming clumps twelve to eighteen inches across, slender stems support daisy-like flowers. These range in color from yellow or orange to coppery red, and in size from two to three inches across; The centers of these blooms, despite the plant's name, are dark brown and may have purplish tones as well. In southern areas, these flowers will bloom from early spring until fall, though most parts of North America will see blooms from June to October. These flowers prefer full sun, though they will tolerate partial shade as long as they do receive some direct sunlight each day. They can also tolerate most soils, but prefer moist, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. Applying compost to areas where these wildflowers will be planted will result in profuse blooming. In landscaping, they are a low-maintenance option for borders and containers as well as naturalized meadow areas. They attract butterflies and other pollinators, making them an added benefit near fruiting plants, whether edible or ornamental. Because these plants continually grow and spread, dividing clumps every three to four years keeps them healthy and blooming. This is best accomplished in the late fall when the plants have finished blooming, or in the early spring while they're still dormant. The only other maintenance required is regular deadheading to prolong flowering and straightforward winterization. After the leaves and stems die back in the fall, cut them to four inches above the ground and mulch. In the spring, rake away excess mulch and enjoy.
Daylilies of the Field
Daylily plants create a beautiful garden scene. The Latin name for Daylilies is Hemerocallis. They are related to thousands of species of the lily family. These unusual plants are well known for their ability to multiply. From a single daylily plant, up to 50 plants will bloom in Zones 3 to 9 from July to August. Daylily roots spread beneath the soil and create new growth that pushes through the earth, reaching for sunlight and rain. They are available in a wide range of colors and variegated hues and require no maintenance after they are planted.
Create a Garden Palette of Daylily Plants
Since daylilies grow up to two feet tall, they need room to spread out. They have long, slender stalks with a profusion of elongated leaves that remain low to the ground. The effect of blooming daylily plants is stunning. These plants make an excellent soloist in a garden, or they can be a backdrop to smaller plants. When planting daylilies with other plants, choose species that won't spread or interfere with the natural growth of daylilies. Plant daylilies in a variety of colors such as yellow, orange, deep purple, or white to capture attention. Daylilies can be planted with other tall flowering plants like Lavender, Gladiola or Liatris. To use daylilies for borders, plant them with hens and chicks, variegated Hosta, Astilbe or feathery Achillea.
Daylilies prefer full to partial sun and are perfect for steep slopes, embankments and other areas where it is difficult to grow grass or other plants. Daylilies also make ideal foundation plantings due to a wide variety of colors. The shape of the daylily flower begins with a small green shoot from the tall stem. There are three sepals and three petals on each flower. The inner portion of the bloom may be a darker color than the outer petals. Blossoms generally fall off at the peak of maturity while the leaves remain until the first frost. It's advisable to remove any remaining blooms on daylily stems.
Tips on Planting Daylilies
Daylilies are one of the least expensive plants. However, since they tend to spread quickly and are unusually hardy, for a large garden, six daylilies should be sufficient. By the end of summer, six plants may increase to a dozen or more. These can be transplanted or divided.
Plant daylilies about four inches deep in the soil; Daylilies are not fussy about the type of soil. They can survive extremes of temperature and still flourish. These plants are generally sold in clumps and can be immediately inserted into garden soil. Give the ground a light mist of water at planting time.
Growing Daylilies Indoors
There are two ways to grow daylilies indoors. The first method is to start them outdoors in pots and bring them in before the first frost. The second method is to start them from roots and bulbs. Growing these plants indoors requires full sunlight and warm temperature of at least 70 degrees. Indoor daylilies need pots with good drainage.
The Red Daylily
The red Daylily is one of the most brilliant blooming flowers. This midseason flowering plant is often referred to as a perfect perennial for its tolerance to drought, stress, and heat. These incredible red petaled plants can grow in most hardiness zones and take little maintenance.
Adding the red Daylily to a garden will add stunning color to other green vegetation or beautifully complement other flowering shrubs and plants. These plants will begin flowering in midsummer and reach up to 36 inches. Daylilies are also a naturally spreading perennial which forms clumps measuring eighteen to twenty-four inches in diameter.
The red Daylily is the perfect choice for borders, as a ground cover or in perennial flower beds. They will grow in containers which can add color to a patio or deck, or spread out on a hillside or slope.
Full sun or the partial sun will have the red Daylily thriving and blooming. These plants perform well in most soil types but do prefer a well-drained, fertile sand/silt/clay area. They can tolerate hot summers and humidity but will need extra waterings if the heat persists. By providing enough water, the plants will be able to retain their attractive leaves and continue to create incredible blooms. Their flowers last up to 24 hours and begin the day with morning buds opening and providing a day full of color, which is how they received the name of 'Daylily.'
When planting the red Daylily, the plant should be put in the ground in either early spring or late fall. Keep the Daylily active and producing, by removing the dead blooms once they have wilted as well as the seedpods to encourage them to provide more flowers and retain their attractive appearance. In the fall the dead foliage should also be taken away.
These remarkable flowering plants will not only provide gorgeous color to any yard or garden, but they will also attract color. Hummingbirds and butterflies love the red Daylily.