Perennials are rich and diverse plants. They grow in open fields, meadows, along mountain sides, and in marshes. They are sun-loving plants that can tolerate heat well. The nature of the perennials are that they are tough and do not require much care.
Pests and diseases which affect these plants include fungi, bacteria and viruses. Insects may include aphids, caterpillars, cutworms, flea or Japanese beetles, slugs, whiteflies, etc. Caution must be taken to eliminate insects and diseases that harm these plants.
A Sampling of Perennials
Rudbeckia fulgida “Goldsturn” is the botanical classification for black eyed susans. The characteristic of this plant is the resemblance of small daisies. They are yellow with a black center. They flower between the months of July through September. The seedheads of this plant are attractive. When the petals fall the black seed-filled centers remain and become food for birds during winter. Black eyed susans are tough. They are plants that can multiply and spread rapidly.
The botanical name for the Virginia blue bells are Mertensia. The are in the family Boraginaceae. This flower is seen in spring and summer. The Virginia blue belle is not a gardening plant. They have leafy flesh. The Virginia blue bell is green in moist rich soil. They are landscaped for border gardens. The Virginia blue belle is seen in the eastern United States. The Virginia blue bell is a sky-blue flower of spring. It seeds in moist soil. By midsummer the plant disappears.
The botanical name for the may apple is Podophyllum. It is in the family Berberidaceae. This is a woodland plant of North America and Asia. It is circular and saucer-shaped in appearance with lobed leaves. This plant grows in woodlands and is seen in the eastern United States. It spreads like a carpet with light green leaves.
The may apple will grow in moist soil. The area of growth must be shady. This is a spring flowering plant. They are planted as a woodland garden.
Hemerocallis is the botanical name of the daylily. The family name is liliaceous. This palnt is very popular and exotic. It has a variety of colors. The daylily will grow in well-drained areas. They present beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers. Other shapes of this plant include spider, star, pinwheel, orchid, etc. They are planted in mixed borders. They cn also be planted in containers.