Live moss plants can be an attractive and practical addition to many kinds of gardens. These soft, lush plants tend to love both shade and moisture. Aesthetically, the gentle curving mounds of moss are used to lend an air of quiet calm and longevity to garden landscapes. In terms of placement, mosses flourish best on porous surfaces that retain water, such as wood, concrete and brick. Some people create entire gardens focused on moss, while others use it as an accent. One fascinating new use for moss is as a component in green roofs. Each variety of moss has particular strengths and advantages. Here are three of the most popular varieties.
Peat moss is an organic, all-natural soil conditioner that helps increase a soil's capacity to retain water and nutrients. Peat moss is most frequently used in soils that contain too much sand or are too tightly compacted. Because of its spongy substance, it helps improve aeration and drainage.
Aquarium moss plays several important roles in an aquarium ecosystem. Many types of fish find the delicate fronds of moss to be an appealing place to lay eggs. Once the eggs hatch, the small fish can use the moss both as a hiding place and as a source of food. Aquarium moss can also play an important aesthetic role by blurring the hard edges of rocks to create a smooth, unified underwater landscape.
Fern moss is a hardy and versatile species. It can grow on a wide range of surfaces, including soil and rock. Once it has established itself it can tolerate periods of dryness. Fern moss has a variety of uses. It is beautiful and inviting enough to be grown as a decorative accent in a flower garden. It is also strong enough to withstand foot traffic as a moss lawn.
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