Fruit trees offer both shade and edibles when grown properly in your landscape. Lush foliage and numerous blossoms decorate most trees in the spring, with fruits developing over the course of several months, depending on the species.
Line a property perimeter with several different trees or create an orchard in a garden corner. If you have a busy patio or pathway, position your trees away from the walking and lounging areas to encourage visitors to view the intricate landscape from afar.
Apple trees, for example, can grow as tall as 20 or 30 feet, unless you plant a dwarf or semi-dwarf variety. Select an area far from any structures to avoid branch entanglement with the roof or walls. The intended site needs to be free of competing plants, such as grass, to encourage rapid establishment and growth.
Scoop some soil up with your hands and feel the texture. Damp soil that slowly tumbles to the ground is considered well-drained and perfect for your new trees. Peach trees, in particular, cannot tolerate soggy soil and may fail to fruit.
Some varieties, like cherry trees, require cross-pollination to fertilize flowers and produce fruit. In these cases, you need a neighboring cherry tree to provide pollen transfer through insect activity. Space your trees so they have enough canopy space to spread out without shading lower branches. A tree in another yard can suffice as a pollinator, but it should not be further than 100 feet from your tree. Bees conserve energy as they collect nectar and closely spaced trees encourage rapid pollination.
A full sunlight location is imperative for lush foliage growth, photosynthesis and eventual fruit development. Pear trees, for example, use their dense canopies to generate energy and pull soil moisture up into the branches for fruit growth.
Because apricots are difficult to ship without bruising, raising your own apricot trees allows you to enjoy the fruits right off the branches. Keep your tree watered with a drip irrigation system instead of lawn sprinklers. Water trickles into the soil to avoid excessive evaporation while the trunk, leaves, fruits and blossoms remain dry. If you mulch around your tree, maintain a 12 inch bare space between the trunk and mulch line. Organic mulches, like shredded bark, add critical nutrients to your soil for vigorous fruit development.
Landscaping with fruit trees provides years of fruits for family and friends. Select your favorite, juicy fruits for raw eating and cooking throughout the year.
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