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Fern Plants can reproduce in two ways: via spores housed in sporangia under their fronds, or through the division of rhizomes. These stem structures make up a shallow root system that helps prevent soil erosion in fern habitats. Most ferns thrive in shady and moist areas, such as forests.
They also can offer a woodsy, upscale or native jungle like appeal to any garden, large or small
If you haven't considered using ferns in your landscaping before, it might be time to think again. These perennial beauties may not have showy flowers, but they offer another dimension to your garden. Here is a look at some of the things that ferns can offer: Christmas ferns, hay-scented ferns, and ostrich ferns are best fern sellers.
Some like the hay-scented, will make an excellent ground-cover that makes weed control a snap. Look for a fern that grows individual stalks, not clumps to have a consistent cover.
Wildlife: When it comes to wildlife gardens, ferns provide the cover and structure needed for animals like ground-feeding birds and small rodents to be able to forage without danger from predators safely. Ferns like ostrich ferns can offer enough screening to let them explore. If you are creating a wildlife garden, consider food source, safe access for wildlife and structures (low to medium level shrubs) for birds and squirrels to perch on.
Native Plants: Studies have shown that native plants offer more to wildlife, are more comfortable to grow without adding water, fertilizer or other additives, and reduce the risk of damaging adjacent wildlife ecosystems with runaway ornamental plants. Perennial beauties like the Christmas fern are considered environmentally smart choices that will increase both your yard's beauty and lower its environmental footprint. Interesting Foliage: After color and height, variability in foliage shape is an excellent way to add beauty to your garden.
The complex leaflet structures in them can be simple, sturdy and evergreen dark or compounded with lacy lime-green delicacy. Not sure what would add the most appeal to your garden? Bring pictures to your local nursery and let their professionals offer their thoughts on the best choices for your location, light level, soil and additional plants.
Ferns are some of the gorgeous non-flowering woodland plants in North America. Native ferns are plentiful, hardy, and resilient.
While some can be rather tricky to grow, here are five choices that are sure to thrive!
Christmas Ferns are native ferns to North America. They get their name from being hardy, evergreen fern, keeping their green color year-round.
Their leaves are shiny and leathery in texture. It is a clumping fern but still can be used as a ground cover. This species of fern is non-invasive.
As with all fern varieties, the Christmas Fern must be in a well-draining, shaded area. Too much water and sunlight can cause damage to the plant. It also does not do well in clay-based soils.
Be sure to plant in moistened, mostly shaded areas for the best results.
Hay scented ferns get their name from their smell, which is often compared to freshly cut grass when it is crushed or dried. This gives it a huge distinction from other ferns, as its look can sometimes be mistaken for the Lady fern.
The plant is light in color and fine in texture. These are a bit larger, growing 3-6 feet. Its fronds have a very soft, bushy surface.
Like most other ferns, it also prefers moist, sterile soil with bright sun.
Ostrich ferns are luscious, sprawling ferns that get their name likely from the resemblance of ostrich tail feathers.
Ostrich ferns grow very well in areas that are heavily shaded and damp. This gives you an option for planting beautiful, woodland greenery where nothing else seems to thrive.
They grow 3 to 6 feet high and equally around. They are considered fiddlehead ferns due to their shape.
They are fabulous for using as shade for other plants once they reach a more mature state.
These native ferns are very full, beautiful plants. They grow in much wetter conditions apart from certain other woodland-based ferns.
Cinnamon ferns do very well in bogs and other wetland areas. Their fronds are used by birds for nest building due to their texture.
These ferns are perfect for little pond areas in your flowerbeds or by a stream in your yard.
New York Ferns
New York ferns are soft and are yellowish-green in color.
They form very thick ground covers, and their production can be rapid, so be sure not to let these become invasive.
It is recommended to separate if they become too overgrown.
They do very well in moist soils and mostly shaded environments.
Pick a Fern
Ferns are an easily manageable, beautiful addition to any yard or garden space.
Depending on the area of placement, you can have a few in shaded flowerbeds or a few by a flowing streambed.
Add a natural forest feel to your home!