Mitchella Repens, Patridge Berry
The Partridge Berry Plant has several other more familiar names such as Squaw Vine, Two Eyed Berry, Running Fox and Creeping Berry. The botanical name for these plants is Mitchella Repens. These plants are fascinating as they are considered to be a vine, but can be trained to grow in the shape and manner of a woody shrub bush. These plants are one of the several vines that do not climb but grow by creeping along the ground. The foliage on these plants is beautiful. These are evergreen vines that will provide color all year long. The leaves are a glossy, emerald green color. In mid-spring, through early summer these plants will produce a blossom that is similar to a trumpet in shape and white. These blooms are quite pretty and will have four petals. Many bees and butterflies will be attracted to these blossoms while they last. In mid to late summer these blooms are replaced by the gorgeous red berry. These berries may last through the winter and are a source of food for wild turkeys, foxes, grouse, mice, skunks and other small wildlife. Many birds also love the berries. The foliage is sometimes food for deer. These plants are common along the eastern portion of North America and have been known to be used for medicinal qualities. These plants will grow best in Zones 5 through 9 and have been known to grow in other zones too. They can reach up to 8 inches tall when they are mature plants. They thrive in full to partially shady areas. These plants prefer moist, well-drained soil conditions, but are very adaptable to other soil conditions as long as they have moisture and drainage. These are super plants to grow and have in the landscape.
Partridge Berry is a member of the large family of Rubiaceae that also includes coffee and various dye plants. It is a perennial and even an evergreen vine and does well in climate zones three to nine. It is also particularly hardy in these climate zones. This evergreen vine will have white flowers that show early in the summer and show their flowering will be followed by a single red berry. This vine will look amazing in a woodland area of your garden or landscape as well as a terrarium of your creation. Throughout history, this plant has been used as medicinal uses and food for many. This vine is also known as a creeper and will often cover trees and other structures in its path. Once it is established and has had time to grow, this vine will also create a carpet across the area forming large mats. The individual stems of the vine can be anywhere from six to twelve inches long and are very smooth. The leaves are additionally beautiful with their darker green color and pale veins that make them stand out. Most of these leaves will grow around an inch wide. The vine will bloom while early summer months are the flowers will be either white or pink and are breathtaking. Each flower has a pistol and four stamens. Bees and small butterflies with do the pollinating of this vine’s flowers since it does not self-fertilize. The berries this vine produces are edible, but most find them to be tasteless and seedy, so the Partridge Berry is used mostly for ornamental purposes nowadays. This plant will make a beautiful ground cover, or you can use this in a rock garden to help fill in gaps that will not sustain other plants or flowers. It tolerates many soil conditions and is hardy. It is also an excellent choice for terrariums and does very well indoors especially when planted with other woodland plants such as mosses, ferns, and violets. In addition to its beauty and an excellent addition, it would make your garden or landscape, and Partridge Berry also has many other uses that have been discovered over the years. Native Americans found that this plant is an anesthetic for childbirth as well as painful menstrual cycles. The Cherokee Indians used the berries to stimulate sweating and urination as well as brewed it as a tea to help treat hives and other skin issues. The Iroquois Indians used for pain relief in backs, vomiting and other stomach illnesses, colic, and fevers. They also would take the plant and crush it to apply to open and bleeding wounds. Abnaki Indians used this plant to help with inflammation and swelling throughout the body. Most settlers also adopted these uses but later only used this as a diuretic, a tonic as well as an astringent. In addition to all the medicinal purposes, most Indians and settlers also used the berries as a source of food. However, unusual these uses may seem, the scientific community has not adequately researched the plant’s medicinal properties. When deciding the grow Partridge Berry in your garden or home landscape, make sure that you choose a sight that has partial or full shade. This vine can adapt to many different soil conditions, so that is not an issue. These plants will take some time to become established in your garden, but the wait is worth it. It is a plant that is rarely affected by pests or other disease and is low maintenance. This vine is also easy to transplant, and after it has become well established in your garden, you can just dig up a small portion of the vine and move it somewhere else in your yard or garden.
The partridge berry is also known as Mitchella Repens. It has tasteless berries. This plant has a blooming time from may to July. Its flowers are white or pink. Partridgeberry is can tolerable heavy shade and dry conditions. It adds to any garden as it will continue to add life and color even through fall until the cold months. It is a trait that most gardeners look for in some of their plants so that they can have a lovely garden all year long. It is also great to plant beneath the shrubs in your yard because the dark green leaves, white flowers, and bright red berries will add the perfect garden mat to the area. The berries will also prove to be a source of food for the wildlife in your area during the winter months. Since the berries are low in fat, they will remain edible until the later winter months. This vine is also called Deerberry, and will also attract deer as well as help to feed them. Imagine looking out your door and seeing a majestic creature such as this! Partridge Berry is usually found in the central and eastern regions of North America but can also be located southwest and to the south growing wild. Found in many places and climates due to its hardiness. This vine is low growing and is commonly referred to also as a herb because of its medicinal properties. It does prefer and will grow to reach its potential much better in fully shaded or partially shaded areas of your garden or yard. If one wants something that will do well in an environment with little sun, this is an excellent choice! It will do well and thrive where other plants or flowers have failed. It will add to any garden, and Partridge Berry is a great one to consider. With its delicate textures and appearance coupled with its simplistic beauty and wonder, it is merely a top choice for any gardener. From its beautiful aromatic blooms to its medicinal uses and adds color and elegance to any landscape.
Squaw Vine, or Patridge Berry, is a perennial that is often found growing near the base of a tree
The Squaw Vine is a small grower and can reach about a foot long when it is mature. This plant is found in densely wooded areas. Nova Scotia and Florida are prime growers of this plant. The blooms are fragrant and typically appear as a white or purple color. The berries are not only edible to humans but also used for many medicinal purposes such as helping with menstrual cramps or to help a lady go into labor. The partridge berry has green foliage with red berries and a red bloom.