Elderberry - Sambucus Nigra
Elderberry bushes are old-time favorites in gardens and along old roadways. The genus Sambucus has many variations, but the standard ground is the flat-topped white umbrella type flowers with a faint fragrance. Their compound leaves vary in depth of green. Their woody stems distinguish them from similar inedible wild plants. With an elderberry bush or two in your garden, you will enjoy vivid greens and bright white flowers. The white flowers are showy as ornamentals and produce tiny green berries which become purplish when ripe. Many people harvest the berries for jams. The seeds, stems, and leaves are not edible. Cooking enhances the health benefits of the elderberry. Birds are attracted to elderberries.
An Overview of the Elderberry Tree and Its Many Uses
Possibly one of the most prolific and most accessible to grow plants in the plant kingdom, the Elder Berry tree is most commonly known as Sambucus; one of nearly 25 classes of shrubs/trees found in the muscatel family, Adoxaceae. Being such, the Sambucus has been re-classified many times due to genetic nuances.
While it is overwhelmingly found in the Northern Hemisphere, it likewise appears in many temperate to subtropical landscapes of Australasia and South America.
Its leaves are oval shaped, and it blossoms off-white heads of flowers that in turn produce a distinctively sweet fragrance. Consequently, the flowers are then followed by an abundant supply of purplish-blue berries in the fall. Maturity can be reached within three to four years depending on the species or sub-species.
Typically, Elder Berry trees can mostly tolerate and adapt to several soil types; however, they primarily do well in the damp, rich soils surrounding swamp/marsh areas. They are resistant to dry, drought conditions; however, if one needs to plant in sandy areas, it is advisable to add organic matter around the root area.
As they are typically robust, fast growers, it is best to plant Elder Berry trees at the beginning of spring nurtured by a thorough watering schedule after the initial planting. Watering should be maintained at least on a once a week basis during the first year.
Used primarily as a very attractive ornamental for hedges, fences and well-known for their enduring strength, they bring homeowners a bonus in being also pest-free. This, plus their natural purplish-blue beauty, makes them very appealing to homeowners as they are easy to grow.
The plant’s white flowers are typically used for making fine liqueurs such as cordials, wine, champagne, and brandy. The Elder Berry is a particular favorite for baking pies, preserves, jellies, chutney, and tea.
The tree's fruit has been used for over a 1,000 years and is mainly known for being a superlative flu-fighting agent far surpassing the attributes of the latest flu vaccines. The fruit makes an excellent antioxidant consisting of Vitamin C and Potassium; moreover, it has also proven extremely useful in being an immune system booster.
Today, the Elderberry tree continues to carry the distinction of being one of the most popularly sought-after trees in the Western Hemisphere.
Elderberry Tree is a spring bloomer
One of the unique trees around is the Elderberry tree. This tree has the distinction of growing flowers and berries on the leaves. Therefore the tree is the most versatile tree around. This tree grows up to about 20 feet in height and has a very narrow trunk. The leaves are green and usually grow white flowers and red or purple berries. It can be grown in some different environments as long as there is plenty of rainfall, quality soil. For landscaping purposes, this tree is best grown in large fields or spacious yards. These locations give it plenty of space to grow and stand. With its flowers, berries and pretty leaves, this tree is among the better trees to have as part of your landscaping.
Elderberry Is Used For Winemaking Also
The Elderberry Tree will bloom in the spring and will have gorgeous little white flowers. It will also supply berries that wildlife such as birds will love to feast on.