Button Bush - Cephalanthus Occidentalis
The Button Bush typically lives along a river, a pond or in the wetlands of the central United States. Usually only growing to a maximum of 12 feet, the shrub is unique because of the pods that appear among the green leaves. At the end of a long stalk, white, spiky flowers explode on the scene in the early part of the summer. After the Button Bush flower fragrance attracts a fair share of bees and butterflies, the flower falls away; leaving a healthy round fruit that carries two tiny nuts. The fruits stay all winter until its time to start over in the spring.
It grows in a pond or wet areas such as a stream or lake. Named for it’s attractive, white, sphere-shaped flowers that have needle-like projections; this expansive shrub brings beautiful and unique shapes to your garden. Once the flowers are spent, they will become bulbous green knobs on long stems that will turn dark and last all winter. Another ornamental feature is seen in its glossy foliage. Compared with other woody type plants, the buttonbush has late emerging leaves that are etched with dominant, prominent vein structures. The branches are thick with leaves that will sprawl to the ground creating a beautiful cascade.
Button Bush Is An Excellent Shrub for Landscaping
The buttonbush is an excellent addition to any landscape. This bush is a three season bush. The shiny, thick green leaves are oval and slowly make their appearance in the spring. The leaves have distinctive red veins and tend to extend upward. In the fall, the leaves turn to a golden yellow, a deep red and or yellow. The white blooms look like small fuzzy snowballs and are rich in nectar. The flowers are a favorite among butterflies, bees (which use the nectar from these blooms to make honey), hummingbirds and other types of insects. They bloom in early spring and into the summer months. The odd shape blooms make this bush a fun addition to the landscape. There is also a mild fragrance associated with the flowers. Throughout the summer these white balls fade into a reddish-brown fruit. The fruit on the tree last into the winter months and contain two to four small nuts. They are a favorite treat for deer and other wildlife. The bark of this plant is also unique in its right. When pruned, a curly bark is revealed.
There are several landscapes uses for the buttonbush. This bush works well in beds and also in shrub borders. This bush can easily be a distinctive stand-alone plant in a garden or as an impressive display clumped together as a group. It can also be used waterside. It makes an excellent addition to pond borders, shorelines, and streams.
Button Bush is a small shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall, but in most climates, it only grows at heights of up to 6 feet tall
This bush has a round shape. The foliage has many different colors ranging from dark green to a yellow and then to red. The blooms are white, small and resemble that of a button. The flowers will often bloom in the summer months of June-August. This plant is commonly used as an accent piece or ornamental shrub. The bark will also create an excellent focal point with its different smooth olive-gray colored young branches to its more matured trunk bark that produces a gray old and flaky surface. Easily cared for, the buttonbush is resistant to severe disease or pest issues.They grow well in areas that are subject to flooding and help to aid in flood control. The bush would be a perfect addition to any wetland. The shrub is a favorite nesting area for ducks and other waterfowl that also enjoy eating the seeds of the plant. They can also be used to help stop soil erosion. The bush is a fast-growing plant that requires very little maintenance.