- Latin Name- Salix Nigra Hardy Planting Zones- 2-8 Mature Height- 30-60 feet Mature Width- 15-25 feet Bloom Season- March and April Sun or Shade- Full Sun
Named for its dark brown or black smooth bark, the Black Willow makes an impactful statement along with any property line. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree. With age, its bark often becomes deeply furrowed. Its twigs are slender and flexible ranging in color from yellowish brown to reddish purple. They produce a variety of shapes, some growing tall with a large round shaped crown, while others are retaining a more shrub-like appearance. Its leaves are long and lance-shaped, increasing 3-4 inches long. The leaves are a shiny bright green with a lighter green underside. In the spring, it produces catkins with tiny yellowish flowers, male and female blossoms occurring on different trees. Often, these are some of the first springtime blossoms providing nectar for the bees!
Found mostly in eastern North America, preferring a colder climate. It thrives when grown in moist soils. As a result, it is often found growing near streams or in swamps. It prefers full sunlight. Black Willows have the significant advantage of a high growth rate, shooting up three to four feet a year over a 20 year period. They are used along riverbanks to prevent soil erosion. In the past, Black Willows were used for medicinal purposes, making tea out of the bark was used as a natural painkiller and anti-inflammatory. The soft characteristics of the wood of Black Willows are also highly prized and used for furniture and decorative carvings. If you are looking for a fast growing, beautiful ornamental tree that has a history of serving many practical purposes, then the Black Willow is an excellent option for you!
The Black willow is the greatest of the willow tree varieties and grows throughout North America. Its wood is thick and durable and doesn't easily split or splinter. The tree has a long lifespan and can live longer than one hundred years. Its bark is a dark brown color, and can sometimes look black. The leaves are long and have a dark, glossy green appearance on the top side, while the underside of the leaves is bright green. During the fall, the leaves have attractive yellowish hues. Black willows experience new growth during early spring and develop small yellow blooms. In landscape design, they are primarily favorite along streams but are beneficial anywhere.