Button Bush - Cephalanthus Occidentalis
The Button Bush typically lives along a river, a pond or in the wetlands of the central United States. Usually only growing to a maximum of 12 feet, the shrub is unique because of the pods that appear among the green leaves. At the end of a long stalk, white, spikey flowers explode on the scene in the early part of the summer. After the Button Bush flower fragrance attracts a fair share of bees and butterflies, the flower falls away; leaving a tough round fruit that carries two tiny nuts. The fruits stay all winter until its time to start over in the spring.
Grows in a pond or wet area such as a stream or lake. Named for it’s interesting, white, sphere shaped flowers that have needle like projections; this expansive shrub brings beautiful and unique shapes to your garden. Once the flowers are spent, they will become bulbous green knobs on long stems that will turn dark and last all winter. Another ornamental feature is seen in its glossy foliage. Compared with other woody type plants, the buttonbush has late emerging leaves that are etched with very deep, prominent vein structures. The branches are thick with leaves that will sprawl to the ground creating a beautiful cascade.
Button Bush Is An Excellent Shrub for Landscaping
The button bush is a great addition to any landscape. This bush is a three season bush. The shiny deep green leaves are oval in shape and slowly make their appearance in the spring. The leaves have a distinctive red veins and tend to extend upward. In the fall, the leaves turn to a golden yellow, a deep red and or yellow in color. The white blooms look like small fuzzy snow balls, and are rich in nectar. The blooms are a favorite among butterflies, bees (which use the nectar from these blooms to make honey), hummingbirds and other types of insects. They bloom from early spring and into the summer months. The odd shape blooms make this bush a fun addition to the landscape. There is also a mild fragrance associated with the blooms. Throughout the summer these white balls fade into a reddish brown fruit. The fruit on the tree last into the winter months and contain two to four small nuts. They are a favorite treat of deer and other wildlife. The bark of this plant is also unique in its own right. When pruned, a curly bark is revealed.
There are several landscape uses for the button bush. This bush works well in beds and also in shrub borders. This bush can easily be a distinctive stand-alone plant in a garden or as an impressive display clumped together as a group. It can also be used waterside. It makes a nice addition to pond borders, shorelines, and streams.
Button Bush is a small shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall but in most climates it only grows at heights of up to 6 feet tall
This bush has a round shape. The foliage has many different colors ranging from dark green to a yellow and then to a red. The blooms are white, small and resemble that of a button. The flowers will often bloom in the summer months of June-August. This plant is often used as an accent piece or ornamental shrub. The bark will also create a nice focal point with its contrasting smooth olive-gray colored young branches to its more matured trunk bark that produces a gray aged and flaky surface. Easily cared for, the buttonbush is resistant to serious disease or pest issues.They grow well in areas that are subject to flooding and help to aid in flood control. The bush would be a perfect addition to any wetland. The shrub is a favorite nesting area for ducks and other waterfowl that also enjoy eating the seeds of the plant. They can also be used to help stop soil erosion. The bush is a fast growing plant that requires very little maintenance.