Wetlands can be seen growing almost anywhere around us. From the Carolinas to the West Coast of California, each and every state is home to different kinds of wetlands. There are many different animal species that make the wetlands their home full time while others need the wetlands to live in part time. These areas offer a large variety of shellfish, fish and other aquatic life that needs the roots, muck and oxygen these types of plants produce in order to thrive to their fullest and have their own offspring.
What is a wetland? A wetland is an area where the soil stays wet the water can be either freshwater or saltwater. The plants grow around the edges, aiding in soil erosion, but some can grow in the water such as pond lilies and cattails. The roots do not have to be submerged. There are even trees such as Cyprus and Mangroves that can be found with their roots in the water and the trees thriving well and the trunks can be quite large.
What makes a wetland stand out? The plants that they can be homed too of course. Wetland plants can vary, but to most part they are typical. Lilies which have their roots in the water, but not in the dirt, cattails that grow along the edges, and sedges to name a few. Wetland plants prefer the hot sun, but can grow well in partial sun. One thing that wetland plants do well is help bring the wildlife into the area. They attract butterflies, dragonflies and mosquitoes to name a few.
The plants hold special purpose in the wetlands, especially along the rivers and streams as they help prevent flooding and erosion. Without the help and bond of their roots, the soil would cave in along the edges and areas near it would flood. Aquatic life such as fish, frogs and cranes depend on wetland plants to aid in the producer of offspring. They can lay their eggs here or make their nests and feel safe away from any predators.
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