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Wetland Area Info

Wetlands, defined as land areas where the water level remains near or above the ground’s surface for the more significant part of the year, are common in much of the temperate and tropical zones. In the wild, areas are classed as bogs, fens, marshes, and swamps. Depending on the content of the soil and the plants that grow there. Swamps, for instance, have more trees and shrubs, while marshes have more grasses and reeds. In this article, we shall discuss wetlands as a form of landscaping, and more specifically, how one type of plant may be used for the purpose.

Justicia plants

The water willow, an evergreen perennial of the genus Justicia, is native to the New World’s warm temperate and tropical areas. There are at least 76 species, of which the American (Justicia Americana) is the hardiest, able to grow as far north as southern Alaska. It grows partially submerged from creeping rhizomes (thick plants that grow underground, from which shoots and roots grow).

Justicia Americana is a small plant, reaching heights of no more than 3’4″. Its violet and white flowers come out early in the summer and bloom until autumn is well underway. It prefers to grow in shallow water or on the banks of lakes and ponds where the soil is either rocky or sandy, forming colonies in those areas.

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Cultivating the tree

Because these plants propagate from both seeds and roots, they are rather difficult to control. However, several compounds, particularly Weedar 64 and the fluoridone compounds Avast, Sonar, and Whitecap, have proven effective at keeping their numbers down. Goats, too, may sometimes forage on the emerging growth. You should use chemicals with care as they tend to disrupt the ecosystem by killing off many of the fish who live in the water. It is therefore essential to check all package labels for restrictions on use.

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