Toad Trilliums are perennial wildflowers that thrive in the central and upper-south regions of the United States. The humid Ozarks are well-known for their saturation of Toad Trillium colonies. These flowers are highly sought after and distributed. However, they’re still considered endangered in New York state and are classified as threatened in Michigan.
They thrive in deciduous woodlands and plains. Toad Trilliums prefer moist and shady climates. Their plant hardiness zones include five through nine. Toad Trilliums bloom from April through late June, depending on their location. The plants usually take four to seven years to flower after sprouting. Once they're full grown, they are anywhere from six to twenty inches tall, and eight to twelve inches in width. Water is a friend to Toad Trilliums, but make sure their soil doesn't hold too much of it. Once they're fully mature, they tend to prefer a little less hydration.
Toad Trilliums have several other names such as Whippoorwill Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade, Wake-robin, and Bloody Butcher. They sport three wedge-shaped leaves that flash beautiful green patterns. Each erect stalk is around four to ten centimeters long and two to eight centimeters wide. Their oblong flowers range from yellow-green to deep purple and maroon. Each flower can produce a vibrant green-purple berry. Their size ranges from two to four centimeters in length.
According to Native Americans, Toad Trilliums had several medicinal uses. Another popular name for this plant is Birthroot, because of its ability to induce menstruation. The root could also be used as an antiseptic, diuretic, and antispasmodic. Roots of Toad Trilliums were boiled with milk to treat dysentery and ground as a poultice to reduce inflammation. They even cut ear pain. The leaves were mixed and cooked with lard to create an ointment. This was then applied to ulcers to ward off gangrene and reduce pain.
These woodland wildflowers are perfect for shaded gardens. They thrive in woodland landscapes and naturalized areas. They're ideal for spring wildflower gardens because of their ability to mix successfully with other wildflowers.