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The Beautiful ​Toadshade Trillium

Toadshade Trillium

Trilliums are found in various shades, colors, and styles, but they all have the same unique, fern-like pattern of three leaves with three flower petals that together form the “Trillium” plants flowers are not stalked. They are found in the shaded area and will spread like a land fern. The Toadshade Trillium, sometimes called the Toad Trillium, is only one of the varieties. The Toadshade Trillium is found mainly across the eastern United States from Michigan down to Florida. The three inside petals are dark magenta or purple, and a set of three green leaves surrounds them. Preferring a light shade and garden soil with compost, they are herbaceous plants that can reach 30cm or 12-15 inches in height. There are two species of the Toadshade: the T. cuneate, which have blunt-tipped and sweet-smelling leaves and grow to 38cm or 15 inches. The T. sessile only grows to about seven inches and has stamens that are beaked at the tip with a fragrance, like raw beef. After planting the trilliums, they grow on their own. Plant trillium rhizomes in the late summer, as the first blooms will appear early in the spring and continue into late spring. Trillium flowers are native to woodland areas, so planting yours in the shade of any trees in your yard would be ideal.

To Plant:

Cultivate the soil to approximately six inches, plant rhizomes, and cover with soil. Then water and cover the area with mulch to be left alone until spring. Typically, they will appear in April and continue through late spring. Do not water unless they are in an area that dries out during the hot summer months. Some species of Trilliums are listed as threatened or endangered, so always check before picking any.

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