- Sword Fern - Polystichum Munitum Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Part and Full Shade Mature Height - 36-72" Mature Width- 36-72" Bloom Season – Not a flowering plant Gardener Status- Beginner
Sword Fern – Polystichum Munitum
Sword fern also called the Western Sword Fern, or Polystichum Museum is a beautiful, favorite plant in the Northwestern region of the U.S. The best feature of this fern is that it is easy to grow and pretty much maintenance-free. The sword fern can grow and remain healthy in less than ideal soil conditions. They are also known to grow in areas that other plants will not grow. They are considered to be drought resistant and can handle hot situations for prolonged periods of time.
The sword fern is lovely and adds vibrant color to any area of the yard. The fern thrives best in a partial to full shade environment and prefers to be in rich, fertile soil. It acclimates quickly in zones 3 through 8 and makes the perfect ground cover. The sword fern is considered a perennial and is easy to propagate if it is split in the spring. Even in the winter months, this fern is beautiful. It is supposed to be extremely frost tolerant.
The showy evergreen fronds of this plant feel leathery and are tough to tear. The low-maintenance quality makes this. The fronds grow to between 4 to 6 feet. While the plant can be split in early spring, it can also reproduce through spreading its spores. These spores appear as clusters of brown spots on the plant. Eventually, these spores break loose, or you can gently break them free, and they spread to create offspring. When initially transplanted, they should be watered regularly and provided with fertilizer per the manufacturer's specifications.
The fronds of the sword fern can easily be dried and used for crafts. They can be used in candle making or the patterns on the fronds can be used as stamps.
There are several herbal applications for the fronds of this plant as well.