Star Grass

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Botanical Name: Hypoxis Climate Zone: 3-9 Mature Height: Up to 6 feet Sunlight: Full Sunlight

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Hardy and fast-growing, Star Grass is a desirable ground cover for high-use or drought-prone areas

Also commonly known as Bermuda grass, dog’s tooth grass, or crabgrass, star grass is a resilient grass that thrives in warm climates. Native to Africa, star grass originally came to the United States by way of Bermuda, where it is a fast-growing species, and increased throughout the southern half of the country. This grass sports blades that are short and grey-green, with blades typically measuring 2-15 centimeters, while stems usually grew 1-30 centimeters tall. The leaves are rough-edged, and the stems are slightly flattened and purplish. Star grass seeds are clustered at the top of the stem, with two to six spikes in each cluster. However, this grass does not rely solely on seeds to reproduce, as it can also reproduce using runners or rhizomes.

Star Grass is a popular addition to gardens in the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Australia.

This grass boasts a robust root system that can grow over six feet deep in drought-prone conditions with adequately permeable soil. While star grass can grow at temperatures as low as 59 degrees Fahrenheit, optimal growth occurs in temperatures ranging from 75 to 99 degrees Fahrenheit, with colder winter temperatures causing dormancy. Growing best in full sun, star grass tends to form dense mats as it creeps across the ground; however, its growth is stunted by full shade, so it does not thrive in heavily wooded areas. In particular, this grass is famous as turf for sports fields or golf courses, as it recovers quickly when damaged and survives extreme conditions that few other kinds of grass can. However, star grass can also be extremely invasive, aggressively crowding out other grasses or plant life. Difficult to eradicate and resistant to many herbicides makes the Star Grass a hardy grass to grow in your yard. In some instances, star grass may be used to stabilize loose soil or provide ground cover for agricultural fields too damaged to support conventional crops.

Star Grass is a flowering plant which belongs to the Hypoxidaceae family.

A native of the southern hemisphere Star Grass can be found mostly in South Africa in unperturbed, open grasslands.  In the United States, they can be found in the sun-belt and regions surrounding Orlando, Florida. These plants thrive in moist to damp soil. This plant blooms in summer as a bright yellow blossom with seven petals that resemble a star, hence its name. These petals are a little hairy, especially on the undersides. The leaves are longer and thinner and are sometimes sheathed together in the bass. While their lance-shape resembles that of bamboo leaves, these leaves can also be hairy. In the Americas, Star Grass is used as a colorful pop to the garden or porch pots, yet in Africa, this plant is used to make traditional medicine and a healing herbal tea. As a tea, this plant tastes a little sour. It is used in pharmaceutical preparations among Western medical practices. Star Grass is easy to grow in the right conditions. Star Grass will provide a burst of color to any warmer climate garden and can either be grown in more massive bunches or stand-alone plants making them very diverse for landscaping. Around 100 species of star grass existed as of 2013. While each species is very similar, some have a difference in the shape of petals and leaves, and some can have a more golden, or lighter yellow blossoms.


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Star Grass