- Partridge Berry-Mitchella repens Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Partial or Full Shade Mature Height - 2-4" Mature Width- 12-16" Bloom Season – Spring to Summer (May-July) Gardener Status- Beginner
Squaw Root - Conopholis Americana
Squaw Root - Conopholis Americana. The Squaw Root plant closely resembles that of a pinecone. It is often referred to as "Bear Cone" or "Cancer Root." In nature, the Squaw Root tends to live at the bottom of oak trees. The life cycle of the Spuaw Root begins as its seeds descend into the ground around the base of an oak tree. Then it sends down its roots deeper into the soil until they reach the tree's roots. The Spuaw Root plant then latches on to the root of the oak tree and uses its nutrients to grow for about three years before emerging from the ground. Although the plant is attached to the root of the oak tree, it does not do any harm. The Squaw Root plant thrives best in thick, rich soil and does not rely on sunlight for its survival. The stalk of the plant is thick, white, and covered with brown scales. It typically grows to about thirty centimeters in height, 1/2" to 1" in width, and grows in clusters. During the summer months, the scales will peel back, and a white flower will take bloom. Over time, the flowers tend to spread away from the stem and are eventually replaced by a seed pod at the end of the season. Although it does not produce any chlorophyll, the Squaw Root plant is well known for it medicinal properties. It is an edible plant and is commonly brewed in a tea to treat some ailments. This perennial plant can live for up to ten years in nature as long as it is provided with proper nutrients from its hosting tree. The Squaw Root plant is most commonly found in the eastern areas of the United States. Wildlife such as bears and deer love to feast upon the plant.
Squaw Vine Root, also known as partridgeberry, is a common sight on North American forest floors, attracting crafters with its deep green leaves and festive berries. This low-growing evergreen shrub is gaining popularity amongst gardeners as a subtle ornamental groundcover. Squaw Vine Root takes two to three years to mature, but will reward growers with a maintenance-free blanket of foliage that gives year-round visual appeal. Its woody stems grow only a few inches tall, but will spread for several meters, producing shiny, rich green, heart-shaped opposite leaves about a half in in length. Each spring will bring pairs of trumpet-shaped white flowers with four small petals and an enchanting light scent. Blossoms then give way to berries that will ripen to a bright red through the summer and fall, often persisting into winter. This shrub is hardy from zones four through nine and can be planted in any location, but prefers the partial shade conditions similar to those in its natural habitat. As a forest-floor dweller, it doesn’t suffer when covered with other leaves, making it an excellent choice for a groundcover beneath shade trees. Moist, well-drained soils are ideal, but after the vines are established, they will tolerate drought. The foliage will continue to be healthy and bright through even the coldest winters and the edible berries will attract hungry birds and small wildlife. Landscapers use Squaw Vine Root as accents near walkways or rocky features, knowing it will ensure predictable winter beauty in otherwise dull scenes. Popular for holiday crafts, the crimson berries bring decorators to the woods in fall and early winter to forage for vines that can be molded into colorful wreaths, blended into seasonal arrangements, or added to terrariums. Inside or out, Squaw Vine Root will dependably bring color and life to any setting year-round.