- SCIENTIFIC NAME: Botrypus virginianus USDA Climate Zone: three to ten Tree Height: four to eight Tree Spread: five to ten Soil Type: Prefers moist, well-drained soils Sun: partial shade to full shade
The Rattlesnake Fern-Botrypus Virginianus
Rattlesnake Fern is a part of the adders-tongue family and is named for the fact that rattlesnakes commonly use it as a habitat. It is also known as the Virginia Grape Fern. It, like many deciduous perennial ferns, grows in damp shady areas, such as moist, dense forests. It grows in many regions of the United States, Australia, Norway, the Mexican Mountains, the Himalayan Mountains in Asia, Finland’s Karelia region and the Gulf of Bothnia as well as Europe and Russia.
Each stem is round and bi-colored being light tan at the base and green near the three fronds and a fertile stalk. The leaves are green and usually soft to the touch. Each blade has a spread of from 5 to 19 inches wide. The rattlesnake grows close to the ground, generally moving parallel to the field. It may reach heights of up to 18 inches tall with a spread of 24 inches. It reproduces through the alternation of generations.
The Rattlesnake Fern is rarely cultivated because root division is usually unsuccessful, as is transplanting. The plant doesn’t seed, and the flowers are sterile. However, it does thrive in nature in undisturbed wooded areas, dry-mesic wooded slopes and woodlands and in upland savannas. It is often found in moist well-drained woods predominated in the vicinity of oak and hickory trees. They thrive in partial sun to light shade in fertile loamy soils, in dry to dry-mesic settings. The plant loves to be surrounded by decaying matter.
In the U.S. it grows primarily in these zones: 4a-9b. A deciduous perennial it is used for foliage only. Successful propagation occurs by using spores that must be sown in light soil depths and not allowed to dry out. Keep the pot in a plastic bag and keep the air moist to promote germination. Grow indoors in the winter and plant outside in the spring.
Rattlesnake Fern has height that ranges from 8-30 inches, the Rattlesnake fern is not only beautiful with its vibrant yellow color when the spores are mature, but it's also got a truly one of a kind look. In general, it is meant to be planted in an area more surrounded by Woods, wood chips, and soil that is ordinary. The advantages of planting it, are that you can and will get a beautiful looking fern that not only grows well, but that also seems excellent once it is in full growth. It's overall appearance when it is fully developed is truly beautiful, and aside from beauty, it is also unique as well. The bottom line of it all is that when it comes to this type of Fern, you can, and you will get the best when it comes to growth, overall look and appearance, and something that will stand out and be amazing. Abundant in many parts of the world and prosperous with medicinal properties, the Rattlesnake Fern is a low growing plant with soft vibrantly colored leaves. Thriving in moist, well-drained areas this plant is a favorite amongst homeowners everywhere. The Rattlesnake Fern gets its name from their distinct clustered sporangia that resemble a snake's rattle. These plants can grow anywhere from four to eight inches, do not take over other growing plants and make an excellent border to compliment any garden. Because the Rattlesnake Fern is not an evergreen, it will die out in the winter and allows for transplant. The Rattlesnake Fern is plush, bright green when mature, and makes an excellent vine plant or ground cover. Many planters take well to this plant because it needs very little to survive, only requiring either partial or full shade and moist soils. Growers may place these unique plants in areas surrounded by woods, backyard gardens that which otherwise have difficulty in successful growth, or areas in which the soil isn't hugely abundant in minerals.
These plants are typically low in maintenance, but add a touch of beauty and specialty to any area.