- Purple Violets - Violacease Hardy Planting Zones- 2-10 Sun or Shade – Sun and Part Shade Mature Height - 6-12" Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – April, May, June Gardener Status - Beginner
Purple Violet - Viola Cucullata
Purple Violets are beautiful perennials that make a lovely addition to gardens, rock gardens, wooded areas, or containers. A generic term, purple violet is a common name for many cultivars. Marsh violet, purple Labrador violet, sweet violet, and Parma violet are among the most popular. They all belong to the Violaceae family and share the same care and growing requirements. While native to deciduous forests, growing zones 2 through 10 can enjoy this hardy beauty and its sweet perfume. They love morning sun and partial shade, especially in the late afternoon. Purple violets love moisture too, and proper mulching helps to maintain appropriate soil while reducing weeds.
Purple violets are known by some names including pansies, violas, and viola cucullata. The purple violet falls into the annual category, but in deciduous forests, they live as perennials. Violets are commonly used in wooded areas and rock gardens. The violet is a small, hardy plant that is frequently mixed with other plants to add a burst of color.
Purple violets are extremely popular in floral arrangements, and they are extremely easy to grow from seed, but hold up well if purchased as young plants.
There are hundreds of varieties in the violet family; some are more well-known than others. The most popular types include:
- Johnny Jump-Ups – small velvet blooms that are purple with a yellow vein center.
- Dooryard Violet - small bluish-violet flowers with a reddish hue, sometimes varying into a light red color.
- California Sweet Violet – the lavender-blue flowers this plant displays perfectly accents the dark green leaves of this plant.
- Sweet Violet – This plant has dark, deep violet colored blooms. It grows incredibly compact and can vary in color from purple, yellow, red, blue, and white.
Purple violets prefer moist, natural draining soil. The soil has to be rich in the composted organic matter. It is recommended for purple violets to be planted in fertilizer that is considered slow release to avoid strong bursts of heavy soil. As with any violet, the compost should be water-soluble, and they thrive best in a container instead of directly in the ground.
Violets are a popular choice for plant owners who enjoy picking their flowers and bringing them indoors. The beautiful blooms of the purple violet do not like extreme or prolonged heat. They are not drought tolerant and should be watered on a regular basis.