Prairie Trillium

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Prairie Trillium- Trillium recurvatum Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Full to Partial Shade Mature Height - 1-3' Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – Spring (April-May) Gardener Status- Beginner

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Prairie Trillium - Trillium recurvatum is a herbaceous perennial plant.

 It’s common name; Prairie Trillium is misleading because doesn’t grow in prairies but woodland areas. Because they are a woodland wildflower, Trillium prefer shade, they also prefer rich soils and do well planted with ferns. It’s important not to let young seedlings be crowded other plants or covered by too much leaf-matter. Prairie Trilliums, which have three mottled leaves and a purple flower, should be planted where they will stay because they are a clump-forming species, that spread through rhizomes. The plant's rhizomes which can be easily damaged when transplanted.

Prairie Trillium Produces Pretty Flowers. The Prairie Trillium is often seen growing in large.

The flowers are around 2-4 inches across and will become a lovely shade of reddish-brown. They have three sepals and are smooth, dark and green. Each petal has six stamens and is triangular. The middle or central stem of this perennial is stout, tall and has no hair. This flower can grow almost anywhere including central and the middle part of the United States. They do best growing in areas with lots of shade or growing up under trees.

The Trillium likes shaded areas. These plants go dormant during summer. This plant likes moist well-drained soil. Trillium Recurvatum, It has some vulnerability to slugs and snails. It is also called the bloody butcher. Prairie Trillium works well as a ground cover. The plant will produce leaves that have patches or light green and dark green. Prairie will also give gorgeous flowers that will brighten any natural area or garden. Prairie Trillium likes moist soil conditions and can even grow good in well-drained soil conditions.

Prairie Trillium will make a great addition to a natural area and will look great under trees where nothing else will grow. 

The color of its leaves is a medium-tone bright green with veining apparent through the surface areas. The green leaf is mottled in appearance, similar to the markings of a panther or snake. Pale green patches dot the leaf in an animalistic freckle pattern. Blooms can sprout in a variety of shades including Yellow, Green, and Purple. Optimum bloom times occur in early spring- March, April, and May. Unfertilized members or young plants will not generate flower; only leaves will grow. The Prairie Trillium is found in central and eastern United States and is known as a spring wildflower. This wildflower has three brown or sometimes maroon colored petals that are 1.2 inches long. The Prairie Trillium also grows fruit, with six developed ridges. The fruit contains a fleshy structure that keeps ants and other insects from foraging. Usually, the spring wildflower grows up to 12-18 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide. Prairie Trillium is easy to grow, especially in woodland areas, where it is shady and moist, even in the summer.

Prairie Trillium prefers moist to dry-moist environments and a soil mix of either clay-loam or pure clay blended.Hardy in zones 4-9, this perennial wildflower is a prolific spring bloomer. Each plant grows 1-3 feet high, and its foliage will span up a foot wide. Plants grow erect sturdy stems with a woody texture that can vary in color from green to near purple. True to its name, each stem features three pointed oval leaves near the top of the stem just below a single three-petaled maroon bloom with an elegant cusp-like shape. Flowers will expend themselves into unique berry-like fruits. Leaves are often dappled in various shades of green and can carry as much visual interest as the flower. Plants bloom annually from early to late spring and are scent-free.The low-maintenance Prairie Trillium prefers part to full shade and thrives best in the fertile soil ordinary in its native environment. Only average moisture is required, and most plants will thrive independent of the need for additional watering.



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 Prairie Trillium