- Hedwegia Moss-Hedwigia ciliata Hardy Planting Zones- all of North America Sun or Shade – Partial Sun Mature Height - 1-2" Mature Width- groundcover Bloom Season – n/a Gardener Status- Beginner
Hedwigia Moss – Hedwigia ciliate
Hedwigia Moss, also called white-tipped moss, is an evergreen perennial moss. These plants form a low-profile cushion that can grow up to one inch tall and one foot across, or sometimes more. The individual stems of this moss range from red to brown, and they spread widely. Leaves can be found surrounding and along the moss’ stems, and the distribution of leaves is somewhat dense. Certain birds, including the American Robin and the Barn Swallow, often use this moss as part of the construction of their nests.
Hedwigia Moss thrives in areas ranging from light shade cover to full sunlight, and it can grow in both dry or moist conditions. It uses either rocky materials or acidic rocks as a substrate, and it can also grow in dolomite or limestone with a high pH. This moss is adaptable to various surfaces, like logs, soil, and roofing. Since it’s able to tolerate a lot of sunlight, as well as dryer conditions, it’s a good option for rooftop or rock gardens. Hedwigia Moss is often found in Illinois, specifically in the northeast, east-central and southern areas. The most common habitats for this moss in Illinois include canyons with sandstone walls, rocky ridges, limestone rock faces, boulders and rocks found on woodland trails, stone walls of churches, and on various roofing materials. It’s also found in other parts of North and South America, Australian, Africa, and Eurasia.
Sometimes the tips of the moss’ leaves can be translucent white, and this varies in appearance. The amount of whiteness at the tips will change based on where the moss is found. The white tips are also what distinguishes this type of moss from other kinds. As the moss’ leaves age, they may become even more white and translucent before withering. Hedwigia moss is heavily used as a beautiful, bright green ground cover in landscape designs. This type of moss has a different appearance than other varieties and stands out in a garden. The plant's tendrils are long and bright green, and the plant has distinctive edges which add to its attractiveness. It provides gardens and landscapes with a natural look, and it grows well in a variety of conditions and soils. Hedwigia moss' unique green color and texture are pleasing to the eye and help to make it a perfect addition to any landscape plan. Gardeners will also enjoy this how quickly this plant grows.
Flowering Time: This plant has no flower; it is a non-flowering moss that works mostly as a ground cover.
Soil Requirements: Can grow in most terrains, including pavement, roofs, sidewalks and even walls as well as in dirt, bark chips, or forest floors. Hedwigia moss makes a great green roof.
Pruning: Grows outward not upward. If moss begins to look scraggly trimming can be done to get the desired look. However, regular pruning is unnecessary.
Flower Form: No flower, a plush green moss with long “arm” looking limbs that stretch outward and give a wool carpet look. Limbs could also make it look coral-like.