- Beige Trillium - Trillium Erectum Hardy Planting Zones - 3-7 Sun or Shade - Partial and Full Shade Mature Height - 24" Mature Width - 20" Bloom Season - Spring (April to June) Gardener Status - Beginner
Beige Trillium – Trillium ovatum
Beige Trillium is also known as Western Trillium. This plant features a three petal cup-shaped flower that begins as white with a center that is yellow. The blossoms have six stamens at their center. This is the pollen producing part of the plant. The bloom will pale as it ages to an off-white or beige color. The word trillium means “of the three” in Latin, referring to the three leaves that are below the petals. Beige Trillium is often grown as a ground cover. The mature height of these plants is about twenty-four inches with a width of about twenty inches.
The three leaves below the blooms are dark green, ovoid, and about six inches long. This plant is low-maintenance after it has become established. They prefer evenly moist soil, but not overly wet. During dry weather, they will require watering. Rich soil is preferred. Beige Trillium produces fragrant flowers and is a preferred plant for shaded areas in gardens. They do not need a lot of suns. They can also be grown in pots.
In addition to the beauty they provide to gardens and landscapes, they have medicinal uses as well as food. The leaves are said to be a great addition to salads because they taste somewhat like sunflower seeds. Native Americans once used the roots as an antiseptic as well as a diuretic. This plant is a perennial and typically goes dormant in late summer or early fall. This is a good time for dividing and transplanting the Beige Trillium. Underground root stalks will spread creating new plants, and ants also help by spreading the seeds.
Although Beige Trillium is native to Central and Northern America, it will grow from Wisconsin to Tennessee and parts of northern Texas. The blooms appear from April to June. There are many species of birds that are attracted to Beige Trillium. The hummingbird is one.
Beige Trillium is a plant native to Northern and Central America. The roots are rhizomes. The leaves are called bracts. The way in which the blossoms are connected to the bracts determines whether the plant is pedicellate or sessile. The three-petaled blooms will be beige or off-white. Keep in mind there are a variety of Trillium species, and they vary in color and fragrance. If you are looking to attract a variety of butterflies to your garden, Beige Trillium would be a perfect addition as they will be captivated by the appealing fragrance. Trillium will also attract a variety of other wildlife including deer, squirrel, and a large variety of birds. This herb can grow to around two feet tall. Soil conditions should be moist but well-drained with full to partially shaded sunlight. As a perennial, you can expect beautiful blooms to return every April lasting until June. It could be two seasons before you see flowers though so be patient. These plants lay dormant during late summer and early fall, this is the best time to propagate by dividing. There is very little to worry about in the way of disease or pest, but deer enjoy snacking on them.
The early Native Americans valued this plant for food as well as its medicinal properties. Beige Trillium can be used as an antiseptic as well as a diuretic. The roots can also be used; it can relieve swelling and joint pain. The varieties of the Trillium species can also differ in their medicinal properties. Be sure to get the one that is right for you. Different ones will attract different pollinators as well.